The Beatitudes -- the "Commandments of Blessedness" which define the ascetical life of the Christian -- are sung at every Divine Liturgy in the older tradition and have been the subject of reflection and meditation in the Orthodox Church for centuries. (The fact that the eight Beatitiudes collectively define a life of ascetic struggle, a sort of crucifixion, is the symbolism of the eight-pointed Maltese Cross.) To encourage reflection on the Beatitudes, we here present a some classic patristic commentaries and more modern comments rooted in the Orthodox tradition. This page will grow; please send any suggestions to Fr. Christopher Calin.
NOTE: We have deliberately included a variety of opinions in these pages. Views of modern writers are those of the authors alone and should not be taken as official views of the Orthodox Church or of the Order of St. John.